Self-efficacy, feedback and feedforward

  • John Cowan Edinburgh Napier University
Keywords: self-efficacy, performance, feedback, feedforward, affective needs


Research in the past 25 years has established a relationship between self-efficacy and attendant academic performance. These findings are critically summarised. Their implications for possible enhancement of current tutorial practice, in the form of feedback or feedforward or both, are considered. Particular attention is devoted to learnersââ¬â¢ affective needs and to learner/tutor relationships.

Author Biography

John Cowan, Edinburgh Napier University
Emeritus Professor of Learning Development, UKOU
How to Cite
Cowan, J. (2015) “Self-efficacy, feedback and feedforward”, Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education. Plymouth, UK, 0(9). doi: 10.47408/jldhe.v0i9.313.