On ChatGPT: what promise remains for multiple choice assessment?


  • Chahna Gonsalves King's College London




multiple-choice quizzes, formative assessment, artificial intelligence, large language models, ChatGPT, GPT-3, question design


Multiple-choice quizzes (MCQs) are a popular form of assessment. A rapid shift to online assessment during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, drove the uptake of MCQs, yet limited invigilation and wide access to material on the internet allow students to solve the questions via internet search. ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence (AI) agent trained on a large language model, exacerbates this challenge as it responds to information retrieval questions with speed and a good level of accuracy. In this opinion piece, I contend that while the place of MCQ in summative assessment may be uncertain, current shortcomings of ChatGPT offer opportunities for continued formative use. I outline how ChatGPT’s limitations can inform effective question design. I provide tips for effective multiple-choice question design and outline implications for both academics and learning developers. This piece contributes to emerging debate on the impact of artificial intelligence on assessment in higher education. Its purpose is threefold: to (1) enhance academics’ understanding of effective MCQ design, (2) promote shared understanding and inform dialogue between academics and learning developers about MCQ assessment, and (3) highlight the potential implications on learning support.

Author Biography

Chahna Gonsalves, King's College London

Chahna Gonsalves is a Lecturer in Marketing (Education), where her research and scholarship focuses on teacher and student assessment and feedback literacy, communication, and message impact. She is a Senior Fellow of Advance HE.


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How to Cite

Gonsalves, C. (2023) “On ChatGPT: what promise remains for multiple choice assessment?”, Journal of Learning Development in Higher Education, (27). doi: 10.47408/jldhe.vi27.1009.



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