Style Guide

Please follow the Author Guidelines for specific types of submission for details regarding the expected length, content, and structure of the articles.


Points of style:

  • Avoid excessive use of emphasis. Where necessary, use bold in preference to italics or underlining. Avoid use of inverted commas for emphasis where possible.
  • Use only one space after a full stop.
  • Large quotes should be indented but not italicised. Speech marks are not needed for indented quotes.
  • Use single inverted commas for quotations in-text, and double quotation marks for quotations within quotations.
  • Keep the use of capital letters to a minimum.
  • Use 's' in place of 'z' in organise, problematise, analyse, etc.
  • Avoid footnotes.
  • Illustrative materials, diagrams and graphs are welcomed.
  • Avoid use of abbreviations such as cf.; ibid.; op cit.; and etc., where possible.

Please use headings and styles when formatting your document as follows:

  • Article title: Heading 1 (Arial 16 point bold)
  • Section headings: Heading 2 (Arial 14 point bold italics)
  • Sub-headings (if necessary): Heading 3 (Arial 13 point bold)
  • Body text 12 point Arial, 1.5 line spacing, left-aligned


Please use the author-date ('Harvard') conventions outlined by Pears and Shields in Cite them right: the essential referencing guide published by Pear Tree Books (2008). The examples below are for brief guidance on compiling reference lists for: online journal articles; edited books; websites; journal articles; messages to online discussion forums; chapters in edited books; conference presentations; and books, respectively.

In-text citation should be as follows:

It has been demonstrated (Wilkins, 2010)...

OR: It has been demonstrated (Wilkins, 2010, p.23)

OR: In his influential work on the matter, Hagyard (2010, p.23) demonstrates

OR: Many authors claim (Wilkins, 2009, p.45; Hayes, 2010, p.23)


End-text reference lists and bibliographical information:

Grant, P. and Gandhi, P. (2004) 'A case of cannabis-induced pancreatitis', Journal of the Pancreas 5 (1), pp.41-43. Available at: (Accessed: 8 June 2004).

Gray, T. (ed.) (2000) Developing interpersonal skills: a complete beginner's guide. Looe: Looe Publishing Company.

Hayes, M. J. (2001) Intellectual property rights. Available at: (Accessed: 8 June 2004).

Hilsdon, J. (2005) 'Re-thinking reflection', Journal of Practice Teaching in Health and Social Work 6(1), pp. 57-70.

Hilsdon, J. (2008) 'Towards a brief definition of learning development', LDHEN JISCmail list, 22 April. Available at:

Newstead, S. E. and Hoskins, S. (1999) 'Encouraging student motivation', pp. 70-82, in Fry, H., Ketteridge, S. and Marshall, S. (eds.) A handbook for teaching and learning in higher education. London: Kogan Page.

Ridley, P. and Sinfield, S. (2010) 'Making ideas visible - drawing as a tool for teaching, learning and research', Celebrating partnerships in learning: 7th LDHEN Symposium. Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham 29-31 March.

Soper, K. (1995) What is nature? Culture, politics and the non-human. 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell.